Siebe Gorman “Aqua-Lung” #1299
Siebe Gorman & Company Ltd has a rich history of innovation and contributions to diving technology, making it a key player in the evolution of underwater exploration and safety. Here are some significant milestones in the company’s history:
1. Invention of the Oxygen Rebreather: Siebe Gorman, in collaboration with Henry Fleuss, developed the first oxygen rebreather. Initially designed for mountain rescue operations, this device was groundbreaking as it allowed for underwater breathing without the need for surface air supply. It was successfully tested both in controlled environments and in the sea.
2. Patent for Oxylite: In 1904, Siebe Gorman received a patent for Oxylite, a mixture that released oxygen when reacting with carbon dioxide (CO2) or water. This innovation contributed to improving breathing gas technology for divers.
3. Development of the Davis Diving Rescuer: In 1905, Robert Davis developed the “Davis diving rescuer” at Siebe Gorman. This apparatus was designed for rescuing personnel from submarines, highlighting the company’s commitment to underwater safety.
4. Introduction of the Salvus ANS Oxygen Circulation Device: In 1942, Siebe Gorman introduced the Salvus ANS oxygen circulation device, featuring a breathing bag on the back. This device played a crucial role in enhancing the efficiency and safety of underwater breathing equipment.
5. Licensing of Two-Hose Regulators: During the 1950s, Siebe Gorman produced two-hose regulators under license from La Spirotechnique. While these regulators were primarily intended for military and professional use, they contributed to advancements in diving technology.
6. Merger with Heinke and Merlin Mark VI: In 1962, Siebe Gorman merged with Heinke, combining their strengths. This collaboration led to the development of the renowned Merlin Mark VI regulator, widely used worldwide, including by the Royal Navy for two decades.
7. Evolving Market Presence: Over the years, Siebe Gorman underwent several changes in name, ownership, and corporate structure. These changes impacted its presence in the diving equipment market.
8. Dissolution in the Early 2000s: By the turn of the 21st century, Siebe Gorman gradually faded from the market due to various factors, including changes in ownership and market dynamics.
Siebe Gorman’s legacy is marked by its pioneering contributions to diving technology, including rebreathers, breathing gas innovations, and regulators. These innovations continue to influence the field of diving and underwater exploration.